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# What are the loop control statements in MATLAB?

Mahnoor Zaheer

### Overview

In MATLAB, we use the loop control statements to alter the execution of loops. There are two loop control statements. These are described below:

1. The break statement
2. The continue statement

### 1. The break statement

In MATLAB, the break statement terminates the execution of a loop and shifts the execution to the code after the loop.

Illustration for break statement

### Example

count = 0;
while count < 10
if count > 7
break;
// terminate the loop
fprintf('The value of count is \n', count);
end

// The output is:
// The value of count is 0
// The value of count is 1
// The value of count is 2
// The value of count is 3
// The value of count is 4
// The value of count is 6
// The value of count is 7
The example code of break statement in MATLAB

### Explanation

In the example above, we use the break statement to terminate the while loop as the count exceeds 7. This is why the output is only generated till count=7.

### 2. The continue statement

We use the continue statement to skip the iteration of a loop. Also, it helps execute the loop from the next iteration onwards.

Illustration for the continue statement

### Example

count = 0;
while count < 10
if count == 5
continue;
// skip the iteration
fprintf('The value of count is \n', count);
end

// The output is:
// The value of count is 0
// The value of count is 1
// The value of count is 2
// The value of count is 3
// The value of count is 4
// The value of count is 6
// The value of count is 7
// The value of count is 8
// The value of count is 9
The example code of continue statement in MATLAB

### Explanation

We use the continue statement so that the while loop skips an iteration when the count equals 5. Therefore, the output does not display the count value of 5 and continues from 6 onwards.

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Mahnoor Zaheer
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