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What is acos() in D?

harris910

The acos() function, also called the arc cosine function, returns the inverse cosine of a number. To be more specific, acos() returns the inverse cosine of a number in radians.

The image below shows the mathematical representation of the acos() function.

Mathematical representation of the inverse cosine function

Note: std.math is required for this function.

To convert radians to degrees, use the following formula:

degrees = radians * ( 180.0 / PI )

Syntax

acos(number)
//number can be real, float, or double.

Parameters

This function requires a number as a parameter. The parameter must be a value between -1 and 1.

  • -1 <= parameter <= 1.

  • If the value is outside -1 <= parameter <= 1, then acos() returns -NaN.

Return value

acos() returns the inverse cosine of a number (in radians) that is sent as a parameter. The return value lies in the interval [0, pi] radians.

Code

The following code shows how to use the acos() function in D.

import core.stdc.stdio;
import std.stdio;
//header required for function
import std.math;

int main() {
    //positive number in radians
    writeln("The value of acos(0.5): ",acos(0.5) ," Radians");

    // negative number in radians
    writeln("The value of acos(-0.5): ",acos(-0.5) ," Radians");

    //applying acos() and then converting the result in radians to degrees
    // radians = 0.5
    // PI = 3.14159265
    double result=acos(0.5) * (180.0 / PI);
    writeln("The value of acos(0.5): ",result," Degrees");

    //error output
    writeln("The value of acos(1.5): ",acos(1.5));
    writeln("The value of acos(-1.5): ",acos(-1.5));

    return 0;
}
Using acos() in a program

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