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Design patterns in Java

Educative Answers Team

Design patterns are the programming best practices followed by software developers. They were created as a solution to commonly occurring problems faced during software development. They are repeatable solutions to problems that generally arise in everyday software designing.

Design pattern categories

There are a total of 23 patterns which are classified into the following three categories:

1. Creational patterns: These patterns are related to classes creation and inheritance. They may also include patterns related to object creation.

2. Structural patterns: These patterns are how classes are composed; the composition of objects, classes in order to create interfaces.

3. Behavioral patterns: These patterns are related to how objects communicate with one another within the software.

The following table lists down each design pattern with respect to the category it falls in:

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Why use design patterns

Design patterns simplify the process of software development by providing a basic structure for the problem at hand. Following are some of the advantages of using design patterns in your code:

  • Provide a generic solution, i.e. code can be reused in different projects.
  • Design patterns are a proven solution for common problems that arise in code.
  • Using design patterns makes it easy to test the system as they are already proven solutions.
  • All design patterns follow specific, self-descriptive naming conventions, which enhances the readability of the code.


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