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Difference between window.onload and $(document).ready()

Akande Olalekan Toheeb

Overview

Many web developers find it difficult to make their functions work when they launch a website. This is because most developers find it challenging to use the methods that make scripts work efficiently when a website loads.

Two popular methods are used to make functions work when a page loads:

  1. JavaScript’s window.onload event
  2. jQuery’s $(document).ready() method

In this shot, we’ll explain how these functions are used and outline their differences.

Let’s get started!

The window.onload function

The onload method in JavaScript is associated with executing a JavaScript function once a page has loaded completely. This onload method is often used in the body, and a function is passed to it. This function is executed immediately after an object is loaded.

Note: When we say completely loaded, we mean when the page completely loads all of its content including media, script files, and even CSS files.

Proper versions of web pages are loaded using the onload method to get the visitor’s browser type and the browser version.

Syntax

The onload method can be implemented using various syntax. These include:

  1. HTML: <element onload= "functionName">
  2. JavaScript: object.onload = function(){myScript};
  3. The addEventListener() method: object.addEventListener("load", myScript);.

Code example

One of the methods will be used below to demonstrate the work of the onload method:

Explanation

HTML section

  • Line 7: We include an image with an id img in the page.
  • Line 9: We include an empty p tag in the page. It has an id textHolder.

JavaScript section

  • Line 1: We use the document.getElementById to call the image we interacted with. Then we invoke the onload method using the pure JavaScript syntax. We include a function that is created in line 2 later.
  • Line 2: We. create a onLoadFunction function. This functions gets the empty p tag and include a text using the .innerHTML method. The text shows once the page loads completely.

Note: Test the code by specifying a wrong src in the img, notice that the text will not be displayed.

The $(document).ready() method

The$(document).ready() is a jQuery method that executes a block of code when the DOMDocument Object Model has been loaded.

The code block is put into the parenthesis and will be executed once the document is ready, neglecting the loading of images and other contents on the website.

Syntax

The syntax to invoke this event is:


$(document).ready(function)

Code example

We’ll use the same code example as above and explain the JavaScript section here:

Explanation

JavaScript Section

  • Line 1: We call $(document).ready(), and a function, which adds a text to the empty p tag after the image loads, is pushed into the parenthesis.

Conclusion

The major difference between the JavaScript’s onload and jQuery’s $(document).ready(function) method is that:

  • The onload executes a block of code after the page is completely loaded while $(document).ready(function) executes a block of code once the DOM is ready.

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Akande Olalekan Toheeb
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