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How to check all the present vowels in a string in Java

Harsh Jain

Solution approach

A vowel is a syllabic speech sound pronounced without any stricture in the vocal tract. The English alphabet has five vowels: A, E, I, O, U.

A String is an object in Java that represents a sequence of characters. The Java String class provides several methods to perform different operations.

To find the vowels in a given string, you need to compare every character in the given string with the vowel letters, which can be done through the charAt() and length() methods.

  • charAt(): The charAt() function in Java is used to read characters at a particular index number.
  • length(): The length() function in Java is used to find the length of a string, i.e., the number of characters present in the string.

Syntax

The code snippets below show the syntax of the length() and charAt functions, respectively.

public int length(); 
public char charAt(int index)    

Code

The code below demonstrates how to find all the vowels in a string.

class Vowel {
  
  public static void main(String args[]) {
    
    String str = new String("Hi Welcome to my world!");
    for(int i=0; i<str.length(); i++) {
      if(str.charAt(i) == 'a'|| str.charAt(i) == 'e'|| 
          str.charAt(i) == 'i' || str.charAt(i) == 'o' || 
          str.charAt(i) == 'u')
        
        System.out.println("Given string contains " + 
            str.charAt(i)+" at the index " + i);
    }
  }
}
Check all the vowels present in the string in Java

Explanation

The code above performs the following actions.

  • In line 5, a String object is initialized.
  • In line 6, the for loop iterates through each character in the string, starting the iteration from i = 0 to i < str.length().
  • Lines 7 to 9 check whether the character at index i is a vowel or not.
  • If a vowel is found, then line 11 prints the vowel with its corresponding index in the string.
  • If no vowel is found, the cursor comes to the next line, and the process is repeated until i < str.length(), i.e., until all the characters are processed.

Through this process, the for loop, charAt(), and length() functions can check for all the vowels present in a string in Java.

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