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How to convert an int to a string in C++

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There are certain instances in C++ programming when it is necessary to convert a certain data type to another; one such conversion is from an int to a string.

Let’s have a look at a few ways to convert an int data type to a string:


1. Using the stringstream class

The stringstream class is used to perform input/output operations on string-based streams. The << and >> operators are used to extract (<<) data from and insert (>>) data into the stream. Take a look at the example below:

#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
using namespace std;
int main() {
int num = 100; // a variable of int data type
string str; // a variable of str data type
// using the stringstream class to insert an int and
// extract a string
stringstream ss;
ss << num;
ss >> str;
cout << "The integer value is " << num << endl;
cout << "The string representation of the integer is " << str << endl;
}

2. Using the to_string() method

The to_string() method accepts a value of any basic data type and converts it into a string. Take a look at the example below:

#include <iostream>
#include<string>
using namespace std;
int main() {
int num = 100; // a variable of int data type
string str; // a variable of str data type
// using to_string to convert an int into a string
str = to_string(num);
cout << "The integer value is " << num << endl;
cout << "The string representation of the integer is " << str << endl;
}

3. Using boost::lexical_cast

boost::lexical_cast provides a cast operator which converts a numeric value to a string value. See the example below:

#include <iostream>
#include <boost/lexical_cast.hpp>
using namespace std;
int main() {
// a variable of int data type
int num = 100;
// a variable of str data type
string str;
// using boost::lexical_cast<string> to convert an int into a string
str = boost::lexical_cast<string>(num);
cout << "The integer value is " << num << endl;
cout << "The string representation of the integer is " << str << endl;
}

The libboost-dev package is required in order to use this cast.

RELATED TAGS

int
string
c++
convert

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