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How to create Digital Signature in Python using ecdsa SigningKey

Abdul Monum

Python’s ecdsa library provides an easy-to-use implementation of ECDSA (Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm). With ecdsa, we can easily generate public and private key pairs, sign digital messages, and verify the integrity of digital messages. The library can be installed using the following pip command:

pip install ecdsa

Digital signatures

Digital Signature is an asymmetric cryptographic technique that is used to validate the authenticity of digital messages or documents. It uses the concept of public/private key pairs where the two keys are mathematically linked which provides security properties superior to handwritten signatures. The person who signs a digital document or message uses their private key, and the only way to decrypt the signature is to use the same person’s public key. If we successfully decrypt the digital message using the person’s public key, it is mathematically proven that the same person signed the message. Digital Signatures play an important role in cryptocurrency.

Creating a digital signature

In the example below, we demonstrate how to create digital signatures.

from ecdsa import SigningKey
private_key = SigningKey.generate() # uses NIST192p
signature = private_key.sign(b"Educative authorizes this shot")
print(signature)
Digital signatures creation using ends

In the above example, we first import the SigningKey object from the ecdsa library. The generate() method of SigningKey creates a private key for us. By default, the generate() method uses NIST192p curve. If you want to use a longer curve that provides more security, you can add the parameter curve=<curvename> in the generate() method. We can then use the sign() accessible to private_key to sign any digital data as a byte string and get back a digital signature (also a byte string).

RELATED TAGS

cryptography
python
cyber security

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Abdul Monum
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