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How to find date and time in Python

Puppala Surendra Babu

Since Python deals with real dates and time, it provides us many modules in which the date & time module is unique. In this way, Python allows us to schedule our program to run at a particular time.

As the date is not a data type, we can work on date objects by importing time, calendar and datetime modules.

There are six types of datetime classes:

  1. date - consists of year, month, and day as attributes.

  2. time - has hour, minute, second, and tzinfo as attributes.

  3. datetime - a group of date and time.

  4. timedelta - shows us the difference between two dates, time and datetime.

  5. tzinfo - gives us the time zone information objects.

  6. timezone - is embedded with Python versions – it’s the class that implements the tzinfo abstract base class.

time()

time() is a function of the time module that returns the total number of ticks spent since 12 AM, January 1st, 1970how time instants are counted in Python.

import time;
print(time.time())  # print the number of ticks spent

Now, the issue is, “how can we get the current local time tuple?”

Before going into the current time tuple, we should take a look into the time tuple.

Time Tuple

Every time is treated as a tuple of nine numbers. They are:

Year, Month, Day, Hour, Minute, Second, Day of Week, Day of Year, Daylight savings

Now, to get the current time we have to use a function of time called, localtime().

import time;    
      # returns a time tuple     
print(time.localtime(time.time()))
widget

Python sleep module

Python’s sleep module is a well-known method that is used to stop the execution of a given code for a while. Let’s have a look at a sample program.

import time  
for i in range(0,6):  
    print(i*2)  
            # Each element will be printed after 4 seconds  
    time.sleep(4)  

Python datetime module

The Python datetime module helps us to create new customized date objects that help us to perform operations like comparisons.

However, for these, we have to the import datetime module into our source code (as shown below).

import datetime  
      #  returns the current datetime object     
print(datetime.datetime.now())   

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