Django is the most common and popular framework used by renowned companies like Instagram, Spotify, YouTube, etc. Django not only provides ease of use, but also provides versatility, security, flexibility, and diverse features that are important for any website.
This whole process is divided into the following steps:
First of all, we need to make sure that we have the latest version of Python installed. Then, we need to create a virtual environment.
To create a virtual environment, we will use the following commands:
1. python –m pip install virtualenv 2. virtualenv env
The first command will install the virtual environment and the second command will create it. Then, we will create a folder named ‘env’ that we can enter using the
source env/bin/activate command.
Similarly, we can install Django using the following commands:
1. python –m pip install Django 2. python –m Django version
Here, the first command will install Django and the second command will verify the successful installation of Django by showing the Django version.
To create the website, we will do what is mentioned below:
Since we have already created the virtual environment, we will just move the virtual environment folder named ‘env’ inside and run the following command:
django-admin startproject Ecommerce_Website
Ecommerce_Website is the name – it will build up the structure of the website and provide the
wsgi.py files and a directory with the same name as
By entering in this directory, we will create the website (application) using the following command:
Python manage.py startapp EcommerceSite
Here, the directory will be created with the name
EcommerceSite. This directory will contain the
After making a Django website, we are now ready to give it a test run. We will run it using the following command:
python manage.py runserver
Now, if we go to the
[http://127.0.0.1:8000/] link, we can check whether or not the website is running.
Note: The default IP address to access a Django project is
http://127.0.0.1, while the default port is
Since we have some files in the
EcommerceSite directory, we can create product models for our e-commerce website in
models.py file. For example:
class Product(models.Model): name_of_product = models.CharField(max_length=150) price = models.DecimalField(max_digits=6, decimal_places=2) details = models.TextField() manufactured_by= models.TextFiled() quantity_left_in_stock = models.IntegerField() quantity_sold = models.IntegerField() product_reviews = models.CharField(max_length=200, null=True) image = models.CharField(max_length=5000, null=True, blank=True)
Similarly, we can add different product models of our choice and modify the attributes according to the requirements.
In case of any changes or updates in the data, we need to propagate these changes for keeping that change. For this change, we need to carry out database migrations by using the terminal and entering the following commands:
1. manage.py makemigrations <app_name> 2. manage.py migrate
Here, the first command will generate a migration and the second command will apply that to the database as required.
The final step is templating, for which we have to go to the “templates” folder, which will be available in the first folder that we named
We can create the template for the display according to the needs of our website. We can also use a pre-existing template with suitable modifications and set it up according to the requirements of our Django e-commerce website.
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