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# How to obtain the cumulative maximum over a DataFrame axis Onyejiaku Theophilus Chidalu

## Overview

We use the cummax() function of a DataFrame object to obtain the cumulative maximum over its axis.

Axis here represents the row and column of the DataFrame. The axis with a value of '0' indicates the axes that run vertically downwards across a row, while a value of '1' shows the axes that run horizontally across a column.

### Syntax

The cummax() function takes the syntax shown below:

DataFrame.cummax(axis=None, skipna=True, *args, **kwargs)
Syntax for the cummax() function in Pandas

### Parameters

The cummax() function takes the following parameter values:

• axis: This represents the name for the row (designated as 0 or 'index') or the column (designated as 1 or columns) axis.
• skipna (optional): This takes a Boolean value indicating if NA or null values are to be excluded or not.
• args, **kwargs (optional): These are keywords that have no effect but may be accepted for compatibility with NumPy.

### Return value

The cummax() function returns a Series or DataFrame object showing the cumulative maximum in the axis.

### Example

# A code to illustrate the cummax() function in Pandas

# importing the pandas library
import pandas as pd

# creating a dataframe
df = pd.DataFrame([[5,10,4,15,3],
[1,7,5,9,0.5],
[3,11,13,14,12]],
columns=list('ABCDE'))
# printing the dataframe
print(df)

# obtaining the cummulative maximum vertically across rows
print(df.cummax(axis="index"))

# obtaining the cummulative maximum horizontally over columns
print(df.cummax(axis="columns"))
Syntax for the cummax() function

### Explanation

• Line 4 : We import the pandas library.
• Lines 7-10: We create a dataframe df.
• Line 12: We print the dataframe, df.
• Line 15: We obtain the cumulative maximum values running downwards across the rows (axis 0). We print the result to the console.
• Line 18: We obtain the cumulative maximum values running horizontally across columns (axis 1). We print the result to the console.

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pandas
python

CONTRIBUTOR Onyejiaku Theophilus Chidalu
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