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How to use cbrt( ) in C++

Educative Answers Team

The cbrt() function of the cmath library allows you to take the cubic root of any number.

Cubic root is a math function that finds x by following the equation below.

y=x3y = x^{3}

For a given y we can find x by taking y3\sqrt[3]{y}.

The cbrt() function in cmath takes a number of any type in the argument and returns its cubic root. The returned value can be a float, double, long double or int.

Let’s see different examples of how the cbrt() function can be used below.

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

int main() {
  // input output both of same type
  double x0, y0 = 589.6;
  x0 = cbrt(y0);
  cout << "Cubic root of " << y0 << " is : " << x0 << endl;

  //input output both of different type
  double x1;
  float y1 = 512;
  x1 = cbrt(y1);
  cout << "Cubic root of " << y1 << " is : " << x1 << endl;
  
  // output as an integer 
  // notice that the output will discard any decimal places
  int x2;
  long double y2 = 56972.3;
  x2 = cbrt(y2);
  cout << "Cubic root of " << y2 << " is : " << x2 << endl;

  return 0;
}

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