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How to use the replace_copy() function in C++

Vinisha Maheshwari

Overview

In this shot, we will learn how to use the replace_copy() function in C++. This function is available in the <algorithm> library in C++.

The replace_copy() function replaces each element in the range [first, last) that is equal to oldValue with newValue and creates a copy. The function uses the operator ==, meaning double equal to, to compare each of the elements to old_value.

Parameter

The replace_copy() method takes the following parameters:

  • First: Forward iterator for the initial position of the derived range.

  • Last: Forward iterator for the final position of the derived range.

  • Result: Forward iterator for the initial position of the range where the final result is stored.

  • Old value: Replaced value.

  • New value: Replacement value.

Return

The replace_copy() function returns the iterator after the last copied element in the destination range.

Syntax

The syntax of the replace_copy() function is shown below:

Iterator replace_copy(first, last, result, oldvalue, newvalue);

Code

Let’s see the code snippet below.

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <iterator>
using namespace std;


bool isEVEN(int x)
{
    if (x % 2 == 0)
        return 1;
    else
        return 0;
}

int main()
{
    vector<int> vec = { 33,21,24,21,21 };
    vector<int> result(vec.size());  
    cout<<"Vector before replace_copy() implementation: ";
    for (int x : vec)
        cout << x << " ";

    cout << endl;
    replace_copy(vec.begin(), vec.end(), result.begin(), 21, 2000);  
    
    cout<<"Vector after replace_copy() implementation: ";
    
    for (int x : result)
        cout << x << " ";

    cout<<endl;
    
 return 0;
}

Using replace_copy() function in C++

Explanation

  • In lines 1 to 3, we import the required header files.

  • In lines 8 to 14, we define a function which checks whether a number is even.

  • In line 16, we make a main function.

  • In line 18, we declare a vector of the int type.

  • In line 19, we declare our result vector where the copied range will be stored.

  • In line 20, we display the message regarding the original vector.

  • In line 21 to 22, we display the original vector.

  • In line 25, we use the replace_copy() function to replace all the value = 21 with value = 2000 and display the transformed vector.

  • In line 29 to 30, we display the result vector.

This is how we can use the replace_copy() function in C++.

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