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Options in Rust

Anusheh Zohair Mustafeez

The Option<T> enum in Rust can cater to two variants:

  • None: represents a lack of value or if an error is encountered
  • Some(value): value with type T wrapped in a tuple
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Code

Let’s look at a case where the Option enum could come in handy. The work_experience function below uses a match operator to return either values or a None object based on a person’s occupation.

fn work_experience(occupation: &str) -> Option<u32>{
  match occupation{
    "Junior Developer" => Some(5),
    "Senior Developer" => Some(10),
    "Project Manager" => Some(15),
    _ => None
  }
}


fn main() {
  println!("Years of work experience for a junior developer: {}", match work_experience("Junior Developer"){
    Some(opt) => format!("{} years", opt),
    None => "0 years".to_string()
  });

  println!("\nYears of work experience for a student: {}", match work_experience("Student"){
    Some(opt) => format!("{} years", opt),
    None => "0 years".to_string()
  });
}

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option
enum
rust
some
none

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Anusheh Zohair Mustafeez
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