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operating system

What are filesystems?

Fahad Farid

File systems are processes that manage how and where data on a storage disk, such as HDD, are stored. It manages a disk’s internal operations and explains how users or an application can access disk data.

The file system manages multiple operations, such as:

  • file naming
  • storage management
  • directories/folders
  • access rules
  • etc.

Without file systems, it would be difficult to identify, retrieve files, or manage authorizations for each individual file.

Each operating system has its own file system and may be tailor-made.