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What are h1 to h6 tags in HTML?

Hassaan Waqar

Headings are represented in HTML using heading elements. These range from h1-h6. Each heading is bold and has a different font size starting from h1 being the largest and h6 being the smallest.

Headings are used to separate portions of a webpage to improve navigation for the user. Headings of various fonts can allow us to use different headings for components such as titles, subtitles, sub-headings, and captions.

Syntax

The syntax of the heading elements is as follows:

<h1> This is Heading 1 </h1>

We begin by opening the tags using the <> sign. In between, we write the name of the element. It can range from h1 to h6 in our case. We then close the tags by using the </> sign. Once again, we will place the name of our tag in between <> and after the / symbol. Any text written between these tags will appear as a heading. All other heading elements can be written in a similar manner:

<h2> This is Heading 2 </h2>
<h3> This is Heading 3 </h3>
<h4> This is Heading 4 </h4>
<h5> This is Heading 5 </h5>
<h6> This is Heading 6 </h6>

Example

The following code snippet outputs each of the headings:

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We can also use CSS within the heading tags in order to style each heading. The syntax below shows how it can be done:

<h1 style = attribute:value"> Heading </h1>

Inside the heading tags, we can add the style command that allows an attribute and its value.

Attributes refer to characteristics of the heading. These include background-color, color, text-align font-size etc.

A value is assigned to each attribute.

The code snippet below style each heading differently:

background-color changes the background color of the heading.

text-align positions the heading to either right, left, or center of the screen (as specified).

color changes the font color of the heading.

  • HTML

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