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Wale Moshood

**Operators** are special symbols used to perform various operations on variables and values. Swift provides a range of operators found in already known languages such as C and improves on their functionalities.

Operators in Swift are divided into several categories based on the kinds of operations they perform.

The four standard arithmetic operators are supported for all number types in Swift. Aside from the four standard arithmetic operators, they also give support to the Modulo or Remainder operator.

The

Modulooperator is an arithmetic operator that returns the remainder of an integer division. The Modulo operator is denoted with the $%$ symbol and can only be used with integers.

The 5 arithmetic operators in Swift are:

- Addition
- Subtraction
- Multiplication
- Division
- Modulo

These operators are described in the example below:

let x = 11 let y = 3 // addition print (x + y) // subtraction print (x - y) // integer division print (x / y) // multiplication print (x * y) // modulo print (x % y)

The division operator only returns the quotient if the two numbers to be divided are integers. The division operator in the example above exhibits this behavior. However, if the division operator is used to divide floats, meaning floating-point numbers, the exact result will be returned.

An example is shown below:

let x = 7.0 let y = 2.0 // float division print (x / y)

**Assignment** operators are used to initialize or update the values of variables. Assignment operators are denoted with the `=`

symbol.

The syntax below assigns the value of $10$ to the variable `a`

.

var a = 10

Assignment operators can be of various types, which include:

- Addition assignment
- Subtraction assignment
- Division assignment
- Multiplication assignment
- Modulo assignment

These operators are used in the example below:

// Assigns 7 to a var a = 7 // Assigns 2 to b var b = 2 // Addition Assignment - assigns the sum of a and b to a a += b // a = a + b // Subtractiontion Assignment - assigns the difference between a and b to a a -= b // a = a - b // Division Assignment - assigns the quotient after the division between a and b to a a /= b // a = a / b // Multiplication Assignment - assign the product of a and b to a a *= b // a = a * b // Modulo Assignment - assign the remainder after the division between a and b to a a %= b // a = a % b

**Comparison** operators are used to compare two variables or values. Comparison operators return a Boolean depending on the result and are used in decision-making and loops. Swift supports different comparison operators, such as the following:

- Greater than (
`>`

) - Less than (
`<`

) - Greater than or equal to (
`>=`

) - Less than or equal to (
`<=`

) - Equal to (
`==`

) - Not equal to (
`!=`

)

The example below demonstrates how to use these comparison operators:

var a = 9 var b = 2 // Greater than operator print(a > b) // Less than operator print(a < b) // Greater than or equal to operator print(a >= b) // Less than or equal to operator print(a <= b) // Equal to operator print(a == b) // Not equal to operator print(a != b)

**Logical** operators are important in decision-making. They are used to combine the Boolean logic values and check if an expression is true or false.

The logical operators supported by Swift are:

- Logical AND - denoted with (
`&&`

) returns`true`

only if both operands are true. Else, it returns`false`

. - Logical OR - denoted with (
`||`

) returns`true`

if at least one of the operands is`true`

. Else, it returns`false`

. - Logical NOT - denoted with (
`!`

) returns`true`

if the operand is`false`

and vice-versa.

An example is shown below:

let firstCondition = true let secondCondition = false print(firstCondition && secondCondition) print(firstCondition || secondCondition) print(!secondCondition)

- Range operators - Used in loops to define a range of values.
- Bitwise operators - Used to carry out operations on individual bits.
- Ternary operators - Return value based on specific conditions.

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Wale Moshood

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