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# What are relational operators in C++?

Onyejiaku Theophilus Chidalu

In order to evaluate a comparison between two expressions, a relational operator can be used. The result of a relational operation is a Boolean value that can only be true or false.

### Relational operators

In C++, there are six relational operators. They include:

• Equal to ==
• Not equal to !=
• Greater than >
• Less than <
• Greater than or equal to >=
• Less than or equal to <=

They are called relational because they evaluate how two expressions on either side of the operator relate to each other.

For example, the relation $5>10$ produces the integer value 0, meaning false. The descriptions, as well as examples of the six relational operators, are represented in the table below. Assume variable A holds 1 and variable B holds 2, then:

Relational operators
 Operator ﻿Description Example == Helps check if the values of two operand are equal or not, if they are equal then condition becomes true A == B is not true because A is not equal to B != Helps check if the values of two operands are equal or not, if the values are not equal then condition becomes true A != B is true because A and B are not equal > Helps check if the value of left operand is greater than the value of right operand, if A is greater than B, then condition becomes true A > B is not true because A is not greater than B < Helps check if the value of left operand is less than the value of right operand, if A is less than B, then the condition becomes true A < B is true because A is less than B >= Helps check if the value of left operand is greater than or equal to the value of right operand, if the value of A is either greater or equal to the value of B, then the condition becomes true A >= B is not true because A is neither greater nor equal to B <= Helps check if the value of left operand is less than or equal to the value of right operand, if A is either less or equal to B, then the condition becomes true A <= B is true because A is at least greater than B

Now, let’s see a very simple example using the relational operator greater than >.

### Code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main() {
int x,y;
cout<<"Enter two integers:";
cin>>x>>y;
if(x>y)cout<<x<<endl;
else cout<<y<<endl;
return 0;
}

#### Sample output

Enter two integers: 10, 20
20


### Explanation

In the program above, the condition given is (x>y). If x is greater than y, the condition is true and evaluates to 1; otherwise, the condition is false and evaluates to 0. So, x is printed precisely when it is greater than y.

### Using relational operators

Below, the example includes all relational operators in the example below.

### Code

In the code below, $a = 2$ and $b = 1$.

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
int a=2;
int b=1;

if(a==b)
{
cout << "Line 1: a is equal to b"<<endl;
}
else
{
cout << "Line 1: a is not equal to b"<<endl;
}
if(a<b)
{
cout << "Line 2: a is less than b"<<endl;
}
else
{
cout << "Line 2: a is not less than b"<<endl;
}
if(a>b)
{
cout << "Line 3: a is greater than b"<<endl;
}
else
{
cout << "Line 3: a is not greater than b"<<endl;
}
/* lets change the values of a and b */
a=5;
b=20;
if(a<=b)
{
cout << "Line 4: a is either less than or equal to b"<<endl;
}
if(b>=a)
{
cout << "Line 5: a is not greater than or equal to b"<<endl;
}
return 0;
}

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Onyejiaku Theophilus Chidalu
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