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What are Strings in Solidity?

Shubham Singh Kshatriya

Overview

Solidity provides a data type named string to declare variables of type String. It also extends support for string literals using single-quotes ' and double-quotes ".

A String can also be created using the string constructor.

Syntax

1. Using string literal

string stringName = "value";
// or
string stringName = 'value';

2. Using string constructor

string stringName = new string(value);

Code

Let’s see an example of Strings in Solidity:

pragma solidity ^0.5.0;

contract SolidityStrings {
  // using double quotes
  string str1 = "Edpresso";

  // using single quotes
  string str2 = 'Educative';

  // using string constructor
  string str3 = new string(2022);

  // getter function to retrieve value of str1
  function getString1() public view returns(string memory) {
    return str1;
  }

  // getter function to retrieve value of str2
  function getString2() public view returns(string memory) {
    return str2;
  }

  // getter function to retrieve value of str3
  function getString3() public view returns(string memory) {
    return str3;
  }
}

Explanation

In the above code:

  • Line 3: We create a contract SolidityStrings.
  • Line 5: We declare string str1 using double quotes string literal.
  • Line 8: We declare string str2 using a single quote string literal .
  • Line 11: We declare string str3 using string constructor.

We also create the following getter functions:

  • Line 14: We use getString1() to retrieve the value of str1.
  • Line 19: We use getString2() to retrieve the value of str2.
  • Line 24: We use getString3() to retrieve the value of str3.

RELATED TAGS

solidity
strings
communitycreator

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Shubham Singh Kshatriya
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