ATOMIC_CHAR16_T_LOCK_FREE is a macro defined in the C11 atomic library.
ATOMIC_CHAR16_T_LOCK_FREE is relative to the primitive type
char16_t, which is an unsigned integer type of 16-bit wide characters; however, since it is atomic,
atomic_char16_t is guaranteed to have no race conditions when accessed by multiple threads.
The macro takes on the value , , or depending on whether the type is lock-free:
Lock-free programming can be used alternatively to the
semaphores for concurrent programming. Instead of using locking mechanisms to block threads from accessing data or putting them to sleep (as is the case with
lock-free programming allows
atomic operations on the data using a transactional memory model.
The transactional memory model bunches up a series of memory accesses and implements them at once as a transaction, similar to how transactions in databases work.
Lock-free programming is non-blocking, which allows lock-free programs to access shared resources without blocking other threads and introducing race conditions. The non-blocking property of lock-free programming carries many performance advantages over
mutex locks because concurrent access to resources is not blocked by other threads accessing the same data.
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