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What is CSS table alignment?

AKASH BAJWA

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Cascading Style SheetsCSS (CSS) is used to style the element as per our choice. The same goes with the tables as well. We'll discuss how to set the table alignment through CSS.

Table alignment here doesn’t mean reversing the tables up and down. It means to set the position of the text inside the columns <th> tag and rows <td> tag.

Alignment types

The two common table alignments are as follows:

  • Horizontal alignment
  • Vertical alignment

Let's understand them one by one and learn how to implement them.

1. Horizontal alignment

Horizontal alignment is known as the text-align property in CSSCascading Style Sheets. With this, can set the position of the <th> and <td> elements to the right, left, and center.

Syntax

  • For Right: text-align:right;
  • For Left: text-align:left;
  • For Center: text-align:center;

Note: Default values of the table head <th> are center-aligned and the values of table data <td> cells are left-aligned.

2. Vertical alignment: 

Vertical alignment is known as the vertical-align property in CSS. With this, we can set the vertical alignment of the content of <th> and <td> tags as top, bottom, and middle.

Note: Default values of table head and table data contents are middle aligned.

Syntax

  • For Top: vertical-align: top
  • For Bottom: vertical-align: bottom
  • For Middle: vertical-align: middle

Example

For this, we have to construct a table first. The code for constructing a table is given below:

  • HTML
  • CSS (SCSS)

Explanation

  • Lines 2–3: We add universal styling to the table, its head, and cells. Then we define the border width type and color to be 2px, solid, and blue respectively.
  • Lines 5–6: We define the width of the table to be 80%. This can be changed according to the needs and screen sizes.
  • Lines 8–10: We define the vertical alignment property along with cell height. Here vertical-align is equal to the bottom meaning the content will be at the bottom of the cell.
  • Lines 12–13: We define the horizontal alignment property here. Then we fix the text of the header to be on the right side(text-align: right;).
  • Line 15: Don't forget to close the stye tag before the head tag.

RELATED TAGS

center a table
table alignment
css table
communitycreator

Grokking Modern System Design Interview for Engineers & Managers

Ace your System Design Interview and take your career to the next level. Learn to handle the design of applications like Netflix, Quora, Facebook, Uber, and many more in a 45-min interview. Learn the RESHADED framework for architecting web-scale applications by determining requirements, constraints, and assumptions before diving into a step-by-step design process.

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