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What is ObjectUtils.median() in Java?

abhilash

Grokking Modern System Design Interview for Engineers & Managers

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Overview

median() is a staticthe methods in Java that can be called without creating an object of the class. method of the ObjectUtils class that is used to find the “best guess” middle value among comparables.

If there is an even number of total values, the lower of the two middle values will be returned.

The types or classes of the objects should implement the Comparable interface that defines the way in which the objects are compared.

How to import ObjectUtils

The definition of ObjectUtils can be found in the Apache Commons Lang package, which we can add to the Maven project by adding the following dependency to the pom.xml file:


<dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
            <version>3.12.0</version>
</dependency>

For other versions of the commons-lang package, refer to the Maven Repository.

You can import the ObjectUtils class as follows:

import org.apache.commons.lang3.ObjectUtils;

Syntax


public static <T extends Comparable<? super T>> T median(final T... items)

Parameters

  • final T... values: The list of comparable values.

Return value

This method returns the middle value of the provided list.

Code

The code below shows how to use the median() method.

import org.apache.commons.lang3.ObjectUtils;
import java.util.Arrays;
public class Main{
static class Person implements Comparable<Person>{
private int age;
public Person(int age) {
this.age = age;
}
@Override
public int compareTo(Person p) {
return this.age - p.age;
}
@Override
public String toString() {
return "Person{" +
"age=" + age +
'}';
}
}
public static void main(String[] args) {
Person[] persons = new Person[]{
new Person(3),
new Person(5),
new Person(8),
new Person(10)
};
System.out.printf("ObjectUtils.median(%s) = %s", Arrays.toString(persons), ObjectUtils.median(persons));
}
}

Explanation

In the code above, we define a class, Person, that has age as its attribute. The class implements the Comparable interface and the compareTo() method is overridden with custom logic of comparison.

In line 28, an array of Person class objects is defined with different values for age.

In line 35, we get the middle object defined as per the logic defined in the compareTo() method using the ObjectUtils.median() method.

Output

The output of the code will be as follows:


ObjectUtils.median([Person{age=3}, Person{age=5}, Person{age=8}, Person{age=10}]) = Person{age=5}

RELATED TAGS

java
communitycreator
median

Grokking Modern System Design Interview for Engineers & Managers

Ace your System Design Interview and take your career to the next level. Learn to handle the design of applications like Netflix, Quora, Facebook, Uber, and many more in a 45-min interview. Learn the RESHADED framework for architecting web-scale applications by determining requirements, constraints, and assumptions before diving into a step-by-step design process.

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