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What is the EnumMap.computeIfAbsent() method in Java?

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EnumMap is similar to Map, except that EnumMap only takes the Enum type as key. Also, all of the keys must be from a single enum type. For further details, refer here.

The EnumMap.computeIfAbsent() method computes a new value for a specified key, only if the key is not already present in the EnumMap object.

Syntax

public V computeIfAbsent(K key, Function<? super K,? extends V> mappingFunction)

Parameters

key: The key for which the new value is to be computed.

mappingFunction: The mapping function is only called if the mapping for the key is not present.

  • This is a function that takes one argument as input and returns a value.

  • The value returned from the mappingFunction will be updated for the passed key.

  • If null is returned from the mappingFunction, then no entry will be added.

Return value

  • If the key is not present and a new entry is added when the computeIfAbsent() method is called, then the new value mapped with the specified key is returned.

  • If the key is already present, then the value associated with the specified key is returned.

Code

The below code demonstrates how to use the computeIfAbsent() method.

import java.util.EnumMap;
class ComputeIfAbsent {
enum Subject {
MATHS, SCIENCE, PROGRAMMING, ECONOMICS
};
public static void main( String args[] ) {
EnumMap<Subject, Integer> map = new EnumMap<>(Subject.class);
map.put(Subject.MATHS, 50);
map.put(Subject.SCIENCE, 60);
map.put(Subject.PROGRAMMING, 70);
Integer returnVal = map.computeIfAbsent(Subject.ECONOMICS, (key) ->{
System.out.println( "\nMapping function called");
return 80;
});
System.out.println("The return value from the computeIfAbsent for key Economics is " + returnVal);
System.out.println( "\nAfter calling computeIfAbsent for key Economics , map is\n" + map);
returnVal = map.computeIfAbsent(Subject.MATHS, (key) ->{
System.out.println( "Mapping function called");
return 30;
});
System.out.println("\nThe return value from the computeIfAbsent for key Maths is " + returnVal);
System.out.println( "\nAfter calling computeIfAbsent for key Maths , map is\n" + map);
}
}
  • In lines 3-5, we create an Enum for the Subjects with the name Subject.

  • In line 7, we create an EnumMap with the name map.

  • In lines 8-10, we add the following three entries to the map.


Subject.MATHS - 50
Subject.SCIENCE - 60
Subject.PROGRAMMING - 70

  • In line 12, we then call the computeIfAbsent() method on the created map with the Subject.ECONOMICS key. The computeIfAbsent() method will check if the Subject.ECONOMICS key is not present in the map. In our case, it is not present in the map, so the mapping function will be executed, which adds a new entry to the map with the following data:

  • key: Subject.ECONOMICS

  • value: The value returned from the mapping function.

Now, the map will be:

Subject.MATHS - 50
Subject.SCIENCE - 60
Subject.PROGRAMMING - 70
Subject.ECONOMICS - 80
  • In line 19, we called the computeIfAbsent() method on the created map with the Subject.MATHS key. The computeIfAbsent() method will check if the key is not present in the map. In our case, the Subject.MATHS key is already present in the map, so the mapping function will not be executed.

RELATED TAGS

computeifabsent
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java
communitycreator

Grokking Modern System Design Interview for Engineers & Managers

Ace your System Design Interview and take your career to the next level. Learn to handle the design of applications like Netflix, Quora, Facebook, Uber, and many more in a 45-min interview. Learn the RESHADED framework for architecting web-scale applications by determining requirements, constraints, and assumptions before diving into a step-by-step design process.

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