Variable Scope

Learn how variables can have local or global scope depending on where they are declared.

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Local vs global scope

The area of the program where a variable can be accessed is called the scope of that variable. Any variable declared inside a function is local to that function, and is not accessible outside the function. Similarly, code within a function doesn’t have access to variables that have been declared outside of that function (for example in another function, or in main()). If you want this functionality, then you can specify that a variable be global.

Any variable declared outside of any function (it also has to be outside of main()) is global, and can be seen by every function. In C, global variables are known as external variables (they are external to any function).

Example

In the following code, the variable myGlob is declared outside of main() and outside of myFunc() and thus can be accessed by code within both. On the other hand, the variable myInt is declared within the function myFunc() and is thus local to myFunc() and cannot be accessed outside of myFunc() (for example from within main()). Similarly, the variable myChar is declared within main() and so cannot be seen within myFunc().

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