Specialized Topics

Explore some specialized topics of data science.

Generative AI

Generative AI (GenAI) is the branch of AI that focuses on generating new human-like content (text, images, speech, and videos) by learning and analyzing existing data patterns. The concept of GenAI traces back to the 1950s–60s, when the first chatbot, ELIZA, was released. There were further advancements during the 1970s–80s, such as PARRY, a chatbot designed to simulate patients with paranoid schizophrenia. In the 1990s–2000s, ML and AI gained popularity again with some practical advancements, such as the concept of personal digital assistants (PDAs) and interactive voice response (IVR). In 2010–2011, Apple launched Siri as a virtual assistant for the iOS platform. Siri could understand the natural language—Natural Language Understanding (NLU)—and respond to it in the natural language—Natural Language Generation (NLG). In 2012, Google also entered the game with Google virtual assistant. Some other examples are Cortana by Microsoft, Amazon Echo, and Alexa.

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