Summary: Protect

Get a recap of how to protect an organization from cyber threats.

Using security solutions effectively

Many security solutions are available to protect endpoint devices, the network, and end users. Using the right combination of controls helps reduce the risk of attack and increases awareness of malicious activity that may be taking place within an organization’s IT systems.

Maturity levels of the items covered

The maturity level assigned to each item represents the level of maturity an organization’s security team (or SOC) should be at to implement the respective security control effectively. It’s recommended that an organization only pursue the appropriate security controls in the order of their maturity levels. Remember that the order of the items for each level doesn’t represent their importance or the order they should be pursued in.

Level 1

  • Configuration management database (CMDB)

  • Antivirus (AV)

  • Host-based network firewall

  • Address space layout randomization (ASLR)

  • Data execution prevention (DEP)

  • Network firewall

  • Security awareness training

Level 2

  • Host intrusion detection system (HIDS)

  • Host intrusion prevention system (HIPS)

  • Web browser firewall

  • Network intrusion prevention system (NIPS)

  • Email gateway

  • Internet proxy

Level 3

  • File integrity checker (FIC)

  • Containerization, virtualization, and sandboxing

  • Web application firewall (WAF)

  • Database firewall

  • Malware prevention system (MPS)

  • Jump server

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