Introducing JSX

JSX is the markup language that makes it easier to create React components

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You might have seen React code samples floating around, and something that might’ve struck you is the weird HTML-ish syntax in the JavaScript code that is used by most of the community.

This syntactic sugar is called “JSX”, and is nothing but a wrapper for React.createElement!

Instead of calling React.createElement manually, we can use JSX to make the code look more like the rendered HTML:

  <h1 className="heading">Hello World</h1>

is the same thing as

React.createElement(Wrapper, null,
  React.createElement('h1', {className: 'heading'}, 'Hello World')

Using JSX is a bit tricky: since it’s a non-standard extension of JavaScript no browser will understand it. This means we have to transpile (compile JavaScript to JavaScript) our code with a build tool – thankfully, Educative's JS REPL does that automatically for us, so we don’t have to worry about it.

Passing properties to our components is as easy as writing them as attributes on these HTML-like tags, and to add children we simply wrap them! The nice thing about JSX is that we can use JavaScript code in JSX by wrapping it in curly braces.

Let’s convert our Wrapper component to use JSX:

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