Learn about quick-sort and partitioning algorithms.

The quicksort algorithm is another classic divide-and-conquer algorithm. Unlike merge-sort, which does merging after solving the two subproblems, quicksort does all of its work upfront.

Quicksort is simple to describe: pick a random pivot element, x, from a; partition a into the set of elements less than x, the set of elements equal to x, and the set of elements greater than x; and, finally, recursively sort the first and third sets in this partition.

Visual demonstration

An example is shown in figure.

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