# Initialize the Sudoku Board and Set its Properties

Create the utility functions to initialize the Sudoku board.

We'll cover the following

## Introduction

Let's start by developing the building blocks of our Sudoku game. We'll be using a third-party API that will provide us with a matrix prefilled with the numbers. We will then need to fill the empty cells of the matrix using recursion and backtracking. But before that, we will be performing the following steps to render the Sudoku board on the web page:

1. Create the HTML div elements for each cell of the Sudoku board.

2. Write a utility function to load all the div elements for each cell and store them in a 2D array, so that each div element in the $9\times 9$ 2D array corresponds to a cell of the Sudoku board on the HTML page. For example, a div element at position (0, 3) indicates the fourth element in the first row of the Sudoku board. Recall that the indexing of arrays starts from 0.

3. Write a utility function to initialize a $9\times 9$ 2D array with a boolean flag to determine whether each cell in the Sudoku board is filled or not. Initially, all the values will be false because the board is empty.

4. Write a utility function to initialize the color for the numbers displayed in each cell. Since each cell is created using a div element, we can set the color property for each div element. We will use the color green to initialize all the cells.

5. Write a utility function to set a different color for the filled cells. This is to differentiate between the filled cells and empty cells.

Now let's start the implementation.

## Create the HTML div elements for each cell

First we'll create the HTML web page and apply styling to its elements. Since there are 81 cells in a $9\times 9$ Sudoku board, we will create 81 div elements, each of which will denote one cell of the Sudoku board. We'll also add an id attribute to each div element, corresponding to the cell number of the Sudoku board. Now let's see the code:

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