Getting More Information About Filesystem Objects

Learn how to get information about filesystem objects.

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We might be able to tell what type of file we’re working with by looking at its file name. Typically, a three or four-letter extension gives it away. For example, foo.pdf is a PDF file, logo.png is a graphics file, and foo.txt is a plain text file. But sometimes there’s no extension, and sometimes the files are misnamed.

The file command

The file command can help us figure out what type of file we’re working with. Let’s try it out by pointing it at the greetings.txt file we created in the root directory:

$ file greetings.txt

Run the complete code on the terminal below for practice.

echo > "Hello" > greetings.txt
file greetings.txt

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