We learned in the previous lessons that the brain acquires information, stores it in memory, processes it, and outputs a specific muscle movement. But how exactly does the brain process this information? How does it know how to respond to unfamiliar situations? Want to know about this amazing capability of our brain? Let’s dive in and figure it out.


Thinking is the ability to make decisions by using reasoning and problem-solving techniques on any concepts we have.

There are two subdomains of thinking, reasoning and problem-solving.


Reasoning is the ability to use the information we already have to draw conclusions about a specific situation. Reasoning can be divided into three subdomains, deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning. Let’s get into the details of each subdomain one by one.

Deductive reasoning

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