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Guide - How to become a full-stack developer

A full-stack developer is a developer​ who can work with both frontend and backend technologies.

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There are several things that a person needs to work on to become a full-stack developer. So, I collected the questions that you need to answer within yourself. If your answers are yes, then you are a full-stack developer.

Things you need to learn as a full-stack developer:

  1. Should be able to work with frontend development.
  2. Should be able to work with backend development.
  3. Should know at least one operating system.
  4. Should have knowledge of the database.
  5. Should have knowledge of web servers.
  6. Should have knowledge of​ version control.

Frontend development

There are several technologies like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, JQuery, Bootstrap, etc. that are used to develop the frontend of a project. A full-stack developer needs to be familiar with these technologies and never forget that the frontend is the only area used by users.

Version control system

A VCS is a system that is used to develop versions of the project. For example, if we change anything in our project, then we don’t need to process our whole code. Instead, we just need to use the version control system to make changes in the project. There are many technologies that are used as version control systems like Git, Apache Studio, Visual Studio, etc.

Git is one of the most popular version control systems. It is used to save a project’s code so that we only need to make pull and push requests to make changes in the code. Other people can also help us to develop our project.

Backend development

Backend development is also called server-side development. In backend development, we can develop server-side scripting to connect our project without servers.

There are many technologies that are used to develop the backend side of a project like PHP, Java, .Net, Ruby, Python, etc. PHP is a scripting language that is used as the base of one of the biggest blogging platforms, WordPress. A full-stack developer needs to be an expert in at least one of the technologies used to develop the backend. A full-stack developer also needs to take care of the security of a project (i.e., safely connect to the database, server, etc.)

Database techniques

As the name suggests, a database is the base of the project. Since the database is responsible for saving the project’s data created by users (e.g., login, signup, username, password,etc.), a lot of technologies (like Mysql, Oracle, Mongo DB, Postgres, etc.) are used as databases. One should know how to create a database and connect that database to a web page in a safe manner, in order to be a full-stack developer.

Deployment techniques

Deployment techniques are nothing but a deployment operating system. The operating system is a system where the server is hosted – it is always in wake-up mode.

There are many operating systems that are used to host a server such as Ubuntu, CentOS, Linux, etc. One should, at most, be familiar with one deployment technology to become a full-stack developer.

Web server

A web server is like an operating system; it’s used as a server to store databases. Without a server, backend technologies would never run and server-side scripting would never execute. There are some technologies, like Apache and NGinx, that are used as web servers. A developer should know how to interact with web servers and how to handle and manage the website.

These are the main areas and technologies that a person needs to focus on and be familiar with in order to become a full-stack developer.

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