Create a User Interface to Write Data

To write data to the database, we need a user interface. Let's create a user interface in this lesson.

Creating a user interface

Before we can write data to Firestore, we need some sort of input form. The Sapper template provides a blog (/blog) by default, but its content is stored in a JavaScript file at services/web/src/routes/blog/_posts.js. To demonstrate writing and reading data, we are going to provide a very basic form on the admin page where we can create a blog post and load a list of blog posts as it is currently displayed at /blog.

We are not going to get fancy, and will just use the existing admin page to add the form. However, we do want to use a bit of abstraction to keep the code more maintainable. For that reason, we will create reusable UI components in the services/web/src/components/ui-elements/ directory.

Input group component

The first one is an input-group.svelte. Click Run and add the following code to the file:

  export let elementType;
  export let label;
  export let id;
  export let placeholder;
  export let value;

<label for={id} class="mt-4 block text-sm font-medium leading-5 text-gray-700">

<div class="mt-1 relative rounded-md shadow-sm">
  {#if elementType === "input"}
    <input bind:value {id} {placeholder} class="block w-full" />
  {:else if elementType === "textarea"}
    <textarea bind:value rows="10" {placeholder} class="block w-full"></textarea>

Click Run to save the changes.

It’s a bit of boilerplate code to create a <label> element with a corresponding input, textarea, etc. field. The bind:value directives and export let value; tells Svelte to bind the value of <input> or <textarea> to the value prop we will use later.

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