Micro and macro architecture are fundamental to the idea of microservices. However, it is hard to understand why there should be two levels of architecture.

ISA (Independent Systems Architecture) is the term for a collection of fundamental principles for microservices. It is based on experiences with microservices gained from many different projects.

The name already suggests that these principles aim to build software out of independent systems. Macro and micro architecture are very important for this goal.

A minimal macro architecture leaves a lot of freedom to the level of the micro architecture, making the systems independent. Technical decisions can be made for each system without influencing the other systems.

ISA defines the term micro and macro architecture. Also, the principles explain what the minimum requirements for macro and micro architecture are.

Conditions #

Must is used for principles when they absolutely have to be adhered to.

Should describes principles which have many advantages but do not have to be strictly followed. We’ll now discuss each principle. The ISA principles are not only a great guideline for building microservices, but they also explain why macro and micro architecture are so important.

Principle #1: The system must be divided into modules #

The system must be divided into modules that offer interfaces. Accessing modules is only possible via these interfaces. Therefore, modules may not depend directly on the implementation details of another module, such as the data model in a database.

Evaluation #

The first ISA principle states that a system must be built from modules. This is common knowledge.

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