A Classic-Style Assertion: assertTrue

This lesson will explain the use and importance of using assertTrue in writing Unit tests.

We'll cover the following

The most basic Classic-Style Assertion is assertTrue:


Since assertions are so pervasive in JUnit tests, most programmers use a static import to reduce the clutter:

import static org.junit.Assert.*; 

An assertTrue ensures that a value is true, otherwise it gives a false. A couple of examples:

public void hasPositiveBalance() {

If the parameter in assertTrue evaluates as true, then the above test will pass.

public void depositIncreasesBalance() {
   int initialBalance = account.getBalance();
   assertTrue(account.getBalance() > initialBalance);

The above test (depositIncreasesBalance) is testing whether the balance in an account is greater than the initial balance after a deposit of 100 is added. The assertTrue assertion makes sure that the condition is true.

@Before Account instance

The previous examples depend on the existence of an initialized Account instance. We can create an Account in an @Before method and store a reference as a field in the test class:

private Account account; 
public void createAccount() {
   account = new Account("an account name");

We have been provided with an Account class in this example. Run the tests below to check if they pass.

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