Files are foundational objects on the internet. In fact, every website contains code files with instructions on how web browsers should display pages.

Using FTP to transfer files

In the earlier days of the web, it was common to upload HyperText Markup Language (HTML) files to web-hosting servers through the use of FTP and SFTP. FTP is one of the earliest communication protocols for sending files across networks and was initially introduced in 1971.

Let’s jump into an example code file that displays a “Hello World” page:

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