Controller

Learn how to create a controller class in a Spring MVC application.

Controllers are Java classes that map a URL and HTTP request to a method such that when a user goes to an address and sends a request, the controller sends back the appropriate response. Every controller is annotated with information about the URL that it handles and the HTTP methods that it supports.

A typical web application has a number of controllers, so when a request comes, Spring MVC examines the list of controllers to find a match for the URL and the incoming HTTP request. It then maps the request to a particular method of a controller. The controller returns a response which Spring MVC converts to an appropriate format. For a REST controller, the response is automatically converted to JSON.

We will now show how to create a controller for our application. The TennisController will handle a web request and display a response in the browser.

@Controller annotation

Create a class, TennisController in the package io.datajek.springmvc. We have created a separate package to keep the MVC related code separate from the servlet code. When we created a servlet, it extended the HttpServlet class. In Spring MVC, we use the @Controller annotation to notify that the class is a controller. @Controller is a specialized form of @Component that supports web MVC. So, when Spring does a component scan, it also picks up classes marked with @Controller. By using this annotation, Spring will know that our class will handle web requests.

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