Design of a Distributed Messaging Queue: Part 2

Learn about the detailed design of a messaging queue and its management at the back-end servers.

In the previous lesson, we discussed the responsibilities of front-end servers and metadata services. In this lesson, we’ll focus on the main part of the design where the queues and messages are stored: the back-end service.

Back-end service

This is the core part of the architecture where major activities take place. When the front-end receives a message, it refers to the metadata service to determine the host where the message needs to be sent. The message is then forwarded to the host and is replicated on the relevant hosts to overcome a possible availability issue. The message replication in a cluster on different hosts can be performed using one of the following two models:

  1. Primary-secondary model
  2. A cluster of independent hosts

Before delving into the details of these models, let’s discuss the two types of cluster managers responsible for queue management: internal and external cluster managers. The differences between these two cluster managers are shown in the following table.

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