DIY: Merge Intervals

Solve the interview question "Merge Intervals" in this lesson.

Problem statement

You are given a list of intervals in the form of start and end times. Your task is to merge as many intervals as possible. Two intervals can be merged if they are overlapping (one begins before the other ends) or adjacent (one starts exactly when the other ends). The output is the resultant list of intervals.


The input is a list of lists. The nested lists contain two integers representing the starting and ending points of the interval. The following is an example input:

[[1, 4], [2, 5], [6, 7], [7, 10], [11, 12]]


The output is the list of merged intervals. The following is an example output:

[[1, 5], [6, 10], [11, 12]]

Coding exercise

You need to implement the function merge_intervals(intervals), where intervals is the list of intervals. The function returns a list of intervals representing the merged intervals.

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