Feature #10: Minimum Variation

Implementing the "Minimum Variation" feature for our "Network" project.


We monitored a network for several days and stored the daily traffic rates the network handled in an array. When billing customers for network traffic, we want to offer a discount to the traffic profiles for which traffic the rate stays more or less constant, meaning it does not vary too much. To this end, we want to find the longest stretch of consecutive days on which the traffic variation was the least on our array. Here, we define variation in a sub-array v[i..j] as the absolute difference between the maximum element and the minimum element in the sub-array, max(t[i..j]) - min(t[i..j]). We will define the threshold minimum value against which the variation will be compared. If the traffic variation is below this threshold (for at least x number of days), we will offer a discount on the bill. Therefore, we are looking for the days on which traffic variation is less than or equal to the defined threshold. For example, if a customer’s traffic changes by less than or equal to 5 Gbps in a five-day window, then they get a discount.

We’ll be provided with an array of integers representing the traffic while the index will represent the days. An additional threshold value will be provided. We have to return the length of the longest subarray for which traffic variation is less than or equal to this certain threshold.

The following illustration might clarify this behavior:

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