Solution: Snapshot Array

Statement

In this challenge, you have to implement a Snapshot Array with the following properties:

  • NewSnapshotArray (length): Initializes the data structure to hold the specified number of indexes.

  • Set Value (idx, val): This property sets the value at a given index idx to value val.

  • Snapshot(): This method takes no parameters and returns the Snap ID. Snap ID is the number of times that the snapshot function was called, less 11, as we start the count at 00. The first time this function is called, it saves a snapshot and returns 00. The nthn^{th} time it is called, after saving the snapshot, it returns n1n-1.

  • Get Value (idx, Snap ID) method returns the value at the index in the snapshot with the given Snap ID.

Suppose that we have three nodes whose values we wish to track in the snapshot array. Initially, the value of all the nodes will be 00. After calling the Set Value (1, 4) function, the value of node 1 will change to 44. If we take a snapshot at this point, the current values of all the nodes will be saved with Snap ID 00. Now, if we call Set Value (1, 7), the current value for node 1 will change to 77. Now, if we call the Get Value (1, 0) function, we will get the value of node 1 from snapshot 00, that is, 44.

Constraints:

  • 11 \leq length 1000\leq 1000
  • 00 \leq idx << length
  • 00 \leq val 109\leq 10^9
  • 00 \leq snapid << (the total number of times we call Snapshot)
  • At most 5×1035 \times 10^3 calls will be made to Set Value, Snapshot, and Get Value.

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